KS2 Reading - Comprehension

Year Three

Year Four

Year Five

Year Six

Develop positive attitudes to reading and understanding of what they read:

· Listen to and discuss a wide range of fiction, poetry, plays, non-fiction and reference books or textbooks (whole books and extracts)

· Use dictionaries to check the meaning of words that they have read

· Increase their familiarity with a wide rangeof books, including fairy stories, myths and legends, and retell some of these orally (recognise themes, such as good over evil)

· Prepare poems and play scripts to read aloud and to perform,show understanding through intonation,tone, volume and action (use drama for performance)

Understand what they read, in books they can read independently:

· Check that the text makes sense to them, discuss their understandingand explain the meaning of words in context

· Ask questionsto improve their understanding of a text

· Predict what might happen from details stated and implied

· Retrieveand record information from non-fiction

· Participate in discussion about both books that are read to them and those they can read for themselves, take turns and listen to what others say (select own choice of books from the school and local library).

Develop positive attitudes to reading and understanding of what they read:

· Read books that are structured in different ways and read for a range of purposes

· Identify themes and conventions in a wide range of books

· Discuss words and phrases that capture the reader’s interestand imagination

· Recognise some different forms of poetry(e.g.free verse, narrative poetry) (use drama for performance)

Understand what they read, in books they can read independently:

· Draw inferences such as infer characters' feelings, thoughts and motives from their actions, and justify inferences with evidence (all should take part in discussions)

· Identify main ideas drawn from more than one paragraph and summarise these (know how to locate information independently)

· Identify how language,structure,and presentation contribute to meaning (understand different conventions of different types of writing e.g. greetings in letters).

Maintain positive attitudes to reading and understanding of what they read:

· Continue to read (both individually and as a whole class) and discuss an increasingly wide range of fiction, poetry, plays, non-fiction and reference books or textbooks

· Read books that are structured in different ways and read for a range of purposes (recognise themes in what they read e.g. heroism)

· Recommend books that they have read to their peers, giving reasons for their choices (compare characters and discuss viewpoints of characters and authors)

· Learn a wider range of poetry by heart (be taught technical terms e.g. simile, analogy, style, effect)

Understand what they read:

· Check that the book makes sense to them, discuss their understanding and explore the meaning of words in context (know how to locate information)

· Ask questions to improve their understanding

· Predict what might happen from details stated and implied

· Summarise the main ideas drawn from more than one paragraph

· Identify key details that support the main ideas

· Distinguish between statements of fact and opinion

· Retrieve,record and present information from non-fiction

· Participate in discussions about books that are read to them and those they can read for themselves, building on their own and others’ ideas and challenging views courteously

Maintain positive attitudes to reading and understanding of what they read:

· Make comparisons within and across books

· Increase their familiarity with a wide rangeof books, including myths, legends and traditional stories, modern fiction, fiction from our literary heritage, and books from other cultures and traditions

· Identifyand discuss themes and conventions in and across a wide range of writing

· Prepare poems and plays to read aloud and to perform,show understanding through intonation, tone and volume so that the meaning is clear to an audience

Understand what they read:

· Draw inferences such as infercharacters' feelings, thoughts and motives from their actions, and justify inferences with evidence (compare characters, settings and themes)

· Identify how language, structure and presentation contribute to meaning

· Discuss and evaluate how authors’ use language,including figurative language, and consider the impact on the reader

· Explain and discuss their understanding of what they have read,including through formal presentations and debates, maintain a focus on the topic and use notes where necessary

· Provide reasoned justifications for their views (be given feedback on the quality of their explanations and contributions).

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